House design elements A house for the general middle class Built on 50-150 square wah of land, it is often a poor housing estate such as a kitchen, a storage room, a garage. The house should be built for the happiness of the residents’ convention. And being human is to live together happily. Get in touch with nature And was in a good environment
1. The organization of the area is proportional. Organizing the space within the house to be proportional can reduce problems within the home, for example: Watching TV, listening to music, doing homework, sleeping, cooking, eating, socializing or saving energy when using air conditioning. Or prevent disturbing sounds and smells Or prevent mosquitoes, areas that should be separated
2. Natural Light Allocation of natural light in every area creates a comfortable atmosphere. And reduce annoying and uneconomical lights off – on
Natural light should come from the upper part of the room for good diffusion and less glare, so the ceiling color should be a bright shade. If the color is too bright, it will be bright. Therefore should be slightly darker
3. Ventilation Ventilation principle It should be performed as follows.
Gardening around the house By using a tree that has grown well Because of the cold from the trees In addition to being caused by the shade And evaporation of the water It is also caused by absorbing sunlight energy for photosynthesis.
Provide moderate ventilation around the house. So as not to be damp
If there is a well, prevent the evaporated water from entering the house.
Use ventilation With the lifting force of hot air And use transverse ventilation The high room will help to ventilate. And separate the hot air layer on top
Let the bathroom and kitchen stick outside the house. Bathroom doors use solid doors To prevent moisture entering the house
Using a fan to help, it’s already comfortable.
4. Air conditioning
Young generation Born in a hospital using car air conditioning Buildings and places are also air-conditioned. Which is why the house Especially the bedroom Which is the room where people spend the most time Use air conditioning most of the time.
The bedroom must therefore be designed to have a cold room condition. Is that it has good heat insulation Therefore will use a small air conditioner Then so as not to waste power
The position of the cooler must not be disturbed and heat will not be returned to the chiller section. Must not blow onto the body to distribute the air well And easy to clean
At present, it is often used for bedroom air conditioners. Therefore, the bedroom has to be designed to be well insulated against heat and moisture. So that the size of the air conditioner is small And cooling load during the day And at night is almost the same
5. Sound protection
Noise often comes from
Noise from the side of the house and from the street
Therefore, the sound should be protected as follows
Use a window that is not directly exposed to outside noise.
Divide the area of use in proportion
Partition the room wall, especially the bedroom with gypsum wall, using two separate beams and a space in the middle.
Set the cooler Does not let the noise of my own home And someone else’s house
Baffle the bathroom wall, lean floor, ceiling And use a solid door
6. Key room
Don’t forget to prepare these rooms.
Garbage room in front of the house
Covered garage ออกแบบบ้าน